【白宫】川普打击官僚滥权 要求执法透明公正(图)

2019-10-10 18:06 作者: 天琴

手机版 正体 12个留言 打印 特大


2019年10月9日,川普总统在白宫签署联邦指导和执法透明度行政令前讲话。(图片来源:视频截图)

【看中国2019年10月10日讯】(看中国记者天琴翻译)2019年10月9日,川普总统在白宫发表关于打击官僚滥权和追究联邦机构责任的讲话,并签署两项行政令。川普政府正在对官僚机构进行改革,使其精简,反应迅速,并负责任;通过恢复官僚机构的透明度和公正性来保护美国人。

以下是行政令全文翻译。

FACT SHEETS
事实陈述

President Donald J. Trump Is Combating Bureaucratic Abuse and Holding Federal Agencies Accountable
唐纳德·J·川普总统正在打击官僚滥权并要求联邦机构效忠职守

Issued on: October 9, 2019
发行日期:2019年10月9日

Quote
引用

We are reforming the bureaucracy to make it lean, responsive, and accountable. And we are ensuring our laws are enforced fairly.
我们正在改革官僚机构,使其精简,反应迅速,并负责任。我们正在确保我们的法律得到公正执行。

President Donald J. Trump
唐纳德·J·川普总统

RESTORING TRANSPARENCY AND FAIRNESS: President Donald J. Trump is protecting Americans by restoring transparency and fairness to the bureaucracy.
恢复透明度和公正性:唐纳德.J.川普总统通过恢复官僚机构的透明度和公正性来保护美国人。

Today, President Trump signed two Executive Orders that will improve the transparency and fairness of government agencies and ensure that they are held accountable.
今天,特朗普总统签署了两项行政命令,将提高政府机构的透明度和公正性,并确保它们会效忠责守。

The “Improved Agency Guidance Documents” Executive Order requires agencies to put their guidance documents on easily searchable websites so individuals are able to access them.
行政命令之一:“改进的机构指导文件” 令要求政府机构将其指导文件放在易于搜索的网站上,以便个人可以访问它们。

 - To ensure Americans have their voices heard, the Order will also require government agencies to seek public input on the most important guidance they issue.
 - 为了确保听到美国人民的声音,该命令还将要求政府机构就他们发布的最重要的指导寻求公众意见。

 - Americans will be able to ask agencies to withdraw guidance they believe is wrong.
 - 美国人民将能够要求政府机构撤销人民认为是错误的指导。

The “Transparency and Fairness” Executive Order prohibits agencies from enforcing rules they have not made publicly known in advance.
行政命令之二:“透明和公正”令禁止政府机构执行未事先公开的规则。

 - The order also instructs agencies to offer opinion letters to individuals and businesses who request them, so people who want to comply with the law can learn how.、
 - 该命令还指示政府机构向提出要求的个人和企业提供意见书,以便希望遵守法律的人可以学习如何做。

COMBATING BUREAUCRATIC ABUSE: The Trump Administration is taking action to end the administrative abuse that hurts American families and small businesses.
打击行政滥权:川普政府正在采取行动,结束伤害美国家庭和小企业的行政滥权行为。

Under the Obama Administration, a lack of transparency and accountability allowed Federal agencies to commit horrible abuses against the American people.
在奥巴马政府执政期间,缺乏透明度和问责制使联邦机构对美国人民实施了可怕的滥权行为。

Agencies abused their power by imposing unlawful and secret interpretations of regulations, as well as by threatening families and businesses with unfair and unexpected penalties.
政府机构滥用权力,通过对法规进行非法和秘密的解释,以及对家庭和企业施加不公正和意料之外的惩罚来威胁他们。

 - In 2014, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) threatened a family with up to $20 million in fines for building an environmentally-friendly pond for livestock without first seeking EPA permission, even though Congress had exempted these ponds from EPA’s reach.
 - 2014年,环境保护署(EPA)威胁要对一家人处以高达2000万美元的罚款,原因是他们在没有先征得EPA许可的情况下为牲畜建造了一个健康环境的池塘,即使国会已将这些池塘从EPA的管辖范围内豁免了。

 - A 77-year-old United States Navy veteran was imprisoned and ordered to pay $130,000 after the EPA – under the Clean Water Act – declared several small ponds the veteran created to fight wildfires as federally protected navigable waters.
 - 一名77岁的美国海军老兵被判入狱,并责令其支付13万美元。原因在于美国环保署(EPA)根据《清洁水法》(Clean Water Act)宣布,这个老兵为对抗野火而修建的数个小池塘已成为受联邦政府保护的通航水域。

Going forward, agencies will have to give people fair notice of any complaint against them and a chance to respond.
展望未来,政府机构必须公平地通知人民,政府机构所受到的任何投诉,并会做出回应。

UNLEASHING AMERICAN ENTERPRISE: These actions build on President Trump’s historic efforts to unleash economic growth and increase prosperity through regulatory reform.
释放美国企业:这些行动建立在川普总统通过监管改革释放经济增长和繁荣的历史性努力的基础上。

President Trump has delivered on his promise to cut burdensome and unnecessary regulations that stifle economic growth and hurt small businesses.
川普总统兑现了他的承诺,即,削减繁琐且不必要的法规,这些法规扼杀经济增长并伤害小企业。

 - The removal of agency mandates affords small businesses the opportunity to use their profits to invest in job creation and grow instead of wasting them on compliance costs.
 - 取消机构授权使小企业有机会利用其利润来投资于创造就业机会和发展,而不是把利润浪费在合规成本上。

The Administration has cut 14 regulations for every new significant regulation implemented.
政府对每一项新执行的重要法规都相应削减了14条法规。

These actions are reversing a long track record of a highly ineffective federal bureaucracy that has harmed American businesses and families to no end.
这些行动正在扭转联邦官僚机构长期的非常无效率的记录,这些记录无休止地伤害了美国企业和家庭。


欢迎给您喜欢的作者捐助。您的爱心鼓励就是对我们媒体的耕耘。 打赏

看完这篇文章您觉得

评论



看中国版权所有 Copyright © 2001 - Kanzhongguo.com All Rights Reserved.

x
我们和我们的合作伙伴在我们的网站上使用Cookie等技术来个性化内容和广告,提供社交媒体功能并分析我们的流量。 点击下方同意在网络上使用此技术。您要使用我们网站服务就需要接受此条款。 详细隐私条款. 接受