【白宮】川普打擊官僚濫權 要求執法透明公正(图)

2019-10-10 18:06 作者: 天琴

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2019年10月9日,川普總統在白宮簽署聯邦指導和執法透明度行政令前講話。(圖片來源:視頻截圖)

【看中国2019年10月10日讯】(看中國記者天琴翻譯)2019年10月9日,川普總統在白宮發表關於打擊官僚濫權和追究聯邦機構責任的講話,並簽署兩項行政令。川普政府正在對官僚機構進行改革,使其精簡,反應迅速,並負責任;通過恢復官僚機構的透明度和公正性來保護美國人。

以下是行政令全文翻譯。

FACT SHEETS
事實陳述

President Donald J. Trump Is Combating Bureaucratic Abuse and Holding Federal Agencies Accountable
唐納德·J·川普總統正在打擊官僚濫權並要求聯邦機構效忠職守

Issued on: October 9, 2019
發行日期:2019年10月9日

Quote
引用

We are reforming the bureaucracy to make it lean, responsive, and accountable. And we are ensuring our laws are enforced fairly.
我們正在改革官僚機構,使其精簡,反應迅速,並負責任。我們正在確保我們的法律得到公正執行。

President Donald J. Trump
唐納德·J·川普總統

RESTORING TRANSPARENCY AND FAIRNESS: President Donald J. Trump is protecting Americans by restoring transparency and fairness to the bureaucracy.
恢復透明度和公正性:唐納德.J.川普總統通過恢復官僚機構的透明度和公正性來保護美國人。

Today, President Trump signed two Executive Orders that will improve the transparency and fairness of government agencies and ensure that they are held accountable.
今天,特朗普總統簽署了兩項行政命令,將提高政府機構的透明度和公正性,並確保它們會效忠責守。

The “Improved Agency Guidance Documents” Executive Order requires agencies to put their guidance documents on easily searchable websites so individuals are able to access them.
行政命令之一:「改進的機構指導文件」 令要求政府機構將其指導文件放在易於搜索的網站上,以便個人可以訪問它們。

 - To ensure Americans have their voices heard, the Order will also require government agencies to seek public input on the most important guidance they issue.
 - 為了確保聽到美國人民的聲音,該命令還將要求政府機構就他們發布的最重要的指導尋求公眾意見。

 - Americans will be able to ask agencies to withdraw guidance they believe is wrong.
 - 美國人民將能夠要求政府機構撤銷人民認為是錯誤的指導。

The “Transparency and Fairness” Executive Order prohibits agencies from enforcing rules they have not made publicly known in advance.
行政命令之二:「透明和公正」令禁止政府機構執行未事先公開的規則。

 - The order also instructs agencies to offer opinion letters to individuals and businesses who request them, so people who want to comply with the law can learn how.、
 - 該命令還指示政府機構向提出要求的個人和企業提供意見書,以便希望遵守法律的人可以學習如何做。

COMBATING BUREAUCRATIC ABUSE: The Trump Administration is taking action to end the administrative abuse that hurts American families and small businesses.
打擊行政濫權:川普政府正在採取行動,結束傷害美國家庭和小企業的行政濫權行為。

Under the Obama Administration, a lack of transparency and accountability allowed Federal agencies to commit horrible abuses against the American people.
在歐巴馬政府執政期間,缺乏透明度和問責制使聯邦機構對美國人民實施了可怕的濫權行為。

Agencies abused their power by imposing unlawful and secret interpretations of regulations, as well as by threatening families and businesses with unfair and unexpected penalties.
政府機構濫用權力,通過對法規進行非法和秘密的解釋,以及對家庭和企業施加不公正和意料之外的懲罰來威脅他們。

 - In 2014, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) threatened a family with up to $20 million in fines for building an environmentally-friendly pond for livestock without first seeking EPA permission, even though Congress had exempted these ponds from EPA’s reach.
 - 2014年,環境保護署(EPA)威脅要對一家人處以高達2000萬美元的罰款,原因是他們在沒有先徵得EPA許可的情況下為牲畜建造了一個健康環境的池塘,即使國會已將這些池塘從EPA的管轄範圍內豁免了。

 - A 77-year-old United States Navy veteran was imprisoned and ordered to pay $130,000 after the EPA – under the Clean Water Act – declared several small ponds the veteran created to fight wildfires as federally protected navigable waters.
 - 一名77歲的美國海軍老兵被判入獄,並責令其支付13萬美元。原因在於美國環保署(EPA)根據《清潔水法》(Clean Water Act)宣布,這個老兵為對抗野火而修建的數個小池塘已成為受聯邦政府保護的通航水域。

Going forward, agencies will have to give people fair notice of any complaint against them and a chance to respond.
展望未來,政府機構必須公平地通知人民,政府機構所受到的任何投訴,並會做出回應。

UNLEASHING AMERICAN ENTERPRISE: These actions build on President Trump’s historic efforts to unleash economic growth and increase prosperity through regulatory reform.
釋放美國企業:這些行動建立在川普總統通過監管改革釋放經濟增長和繁榮的歷史性努力的基礎上。

President Trump has delivered on his promise to cut burdensome and unnecessary regulations that stifle economic growth and hurt small businesses.
川普總統兌現了他的承諾,即,削減繁瑣且不必要的法規,這些法規扼殺經濟增長並傷害小企業。

 - The removal of agency mandates affords small businesses the opportunity to use their profits to invest in job creation and grow instead of wasting them on compliance costs.
 - 取消機構授權使小企業有機會利用其利潤來投資於創造就業機會和發展,而不是把利潤浪費在合規成本上。

The Administration has cut 14 regulations for every new significant regulation implemented.
政府對每一項新執行的重要法規都相應削減了14條法規。

These actions are reversing a long track record of a highly ineffective federal bureaucracy that has harmed American businesses and families to no end.
这些行動正在扭轉聯邦官僚機構長期的非常無效率的記錄,這些記錄無休止地傷害了美國企業和家庭。


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